[Spanish Illuminated Manuscript] Carta executoria de hidalguia 1655 (Spanish nobility patent)
Granada, Spain: 8-3/4 by 13 inches (22 by 33 cm). Dated 19 October 1655, and addressed to Don Phelipe (King Felipe IV). 89 parchment leaves with a final paper leaf. With a full-page allegorical miniature of Christ on the cross; a full-page coat of arms; an elaborate opening page with a nature scene in brown ink; a 6-line drawing of a farm scene in brown ink (12v); and 47 decorated initials with fine drawings in brown ink, most five or six lines, with a few smaller. The text is written in an attractive, neat calligraphy throughout.
This manuscript attests to the nobility of Andres Garcia Hidalgo, who had died by the time the decades' long process of obtaining the official approval was done, and of his son, Juan Garcia Hidalgo. The Garcia Hidalgos lived in the village of Puente de Don Gonzalo, now Puente Genil, in Cordova, Andalucia, Spain.
This carta executoria is recorded in Barea Lopez, Heraldica y genealogia en el suroeste de Cordoba (Ss. XIII-XIX), vol. 2, p. 311 and Extracto de los expidientes de la Orden de Carlos 3o by Vicente Cardenas, p. 65. ISBN: 281AIB1041863.
An attractive Spanish Renaissance hidalguia manuscript, with very good pen-and-ink miniatures throughout and clear calligraphy. In a contemporary red velvet over thin wood boards; two silver clasps; red silk protective sheet between the title page and the coat of arms. Overall, very nice condition, with the velvet worn through at the edges; some cockling and cracking to the illuminated pages, one of which seems to have had a figure painted out at an early date.